Genealogy of the French in North America

Description of the project

This database is displayed as a set of web pages so that it can be read on almost any recent computer.  Those pages are generated from a database made with a set of Excel files.

The database has three versions: the complete database on the author's computer, the CD-ROM version (limited to 1790) and the Internet version (limited to 1721).

The content of the complete database increases with the time.  The ultimate goal is to gather all the habitants of the part of North America settled by the French, their ancestors and their descendants.  This CD-ROM is a snapshot of the database at the time of the release.

The current release of the CD-ROM has mostly marriages in Quebec, Acadia, Western French Forts and Louisiana from 1621 to 1780, nearly all linked together when relevant data is available, i.e. if there is a link to parents or children (if the parents were married before 1781). The 1781-1790 marriages are mostly located in Province of Quebec. Other area will be covered later.

In some cases, a couple married in 1790 or before has children married after 1790.  If the linkage exists in the whole database, then those children will be displayed with their spouse but the marriage won't be clickable (in other words, you can't see their family page).  Also, you will get statistics about marriages of children born from that couple.  N.B. for the purposes of that project, a "link" is the relation from a child to his/her parents.

The project consists in covering all North America, at least the places settled by the French, and to link all known foreign couples as ancestors or  descendants from people of the target area.  This is a very long term project and new self-content releases will be published yearly.

Carte

Content of the current version

In the current version, the links to parents were studied in depth from 1600 to 1780 and are considered as complete as far as there is a marriage record or marriage contract in the target area, and enough information to find that link. The 1786-1790 part, for missing links, is not yet completed.

The following table shows the evolution of the number of couples in the complete database since 2004.  A couple may comprise two engaged or married persons, having a notary marriage contract even if not performed as a religious ceremony, or who had a child.  In some cases, a couple with no name was added to link a widower or widow to a previous marriage.


    • Couples

      Period April 2004 Nov. 2005 July 2006
      Jan. 2007 Jan 2008
      Apr. 2009
      May 2010
      Sept. 2010
      Jan. 2011
      before 1000
      365 44
      57
      58 60 61 60 60
      60
      1000-1099 17 34 34 45 45 46 46
      46
      1100-1199 51 75 75 103 103 118 118
      118
      1200-1299 92 143 143 193 193 218 218
      218
      1300-1399
      205 288
      288 366 371 389 389
      393
      1400-1499
      238 253 365 370 449 452 482 482
      484
      1500-1599
      440 509 627 645 686 696 729 748
      748
      1600-1699
      11,729
      12,094 12,352 12,430 12,492 12,626 12,832 12,990
      12,995
      1700-1799
      86,387 85,097 86,325 86,379 87,980 88,522 89,790 89,838
      90,073
      1800-1899
      10,698 11,199 71,110 71,217 71,747 72,128 72,517 72,561
      72,574
      1900-1999
      20,665 20,806 20,839 20,878 20,991 21,130 21,355 21,399
      21,399
      2000-2099
      11
      15 16 17 17 17 23 23
      23
      Total 130,533 130,382 192,231 192,534 195,129
      196,344
      198,559
      198,872
      199,131

It seems the figures for 1700-1799 marriages decreased because of a computation mistake made in 2004.

The next table displays the approximate number of parents' links in the complete database.  In this table, the "other cases settled" column means usually this is a foreign record and it can't be found without searchng there or there is no more records overseas (for instances, the parents of an immigrant or a case studied but unsolved).  The "possible studies" are usually noble families with no descendant or Acadians.

2011 Release

Period

Couples

Men

Women



Linked to parents Other cases settled Possible studies Linked to parents Other cases settled Possible studies
0025-1599
2067
1222
654
191
614
1019
434
1600-1699
12995
6043
6909
43
5968
6969
58
1700-1765
44700
34906
8798
996
34984
8799
917
1766-1770
5008
4402
443
163
4357
418
233
1771-1775
5856
5268
316
272
5244
279
333
1776-1780
5798
5213
208
377
5177
153
468


Linked to parents With parents or widowers Other Linked to parents With parents or widows Other
1781-1785
6370
5449
264
657
4667
1027
676
1786-1790
7108
6200
290
618
4193
2287
628
1791-1795
8426
7512
362
552
4112
3773
541
1796-1800
8662
6529
1474
659
2877
5126
659
1801-1825
60813
18484
41137
1192
5533
53766
1514

2012 Release
Category/Year of marriage
0-1299
1300-1399
1400-1499
1500-1599
1600-1699
1700-1780
1781-1799
1800-1820
1821-1899
1900-1999
2000-2099
0-2099
Complete Database
442 393 484 748 13001 61554 28788 47176 25519 21431 22 199558
Families, CD-ROM
442 393 484 748 13001 61554 392 160 281 6   77461
Couples without the children listed
            25719 11084 1373     38176

2013 Release
Category/Year of marriage 0-1299
1300-1399
1400-1499
1500-1599
1600-1699
1700-1780
1781-1799
1800-1820
1821-1899
1900-1999
2000-2099
0-2099
Complete Database 443 403 493 760 13098 61573 28812 47059 25797 21514 24 199976
Families, CD-ROM 443 403 493 760 13098 61573 393 161 287 6   77617
Couples without the children listed             26080 21790 1390     49260

2014 Release
Category/Year of marriage 0-1299
1300-1399
1400-1499
1500-1599
1600-1699
1700-1780
1781-1799
1800-1820
1821-1899
1900-1999
2000-2099
0-2099
Complete Database 443 403 493 765 13199 61793 28950 47078 26131 21694 24 200973
Families, CD-ROM 443 403 493 765 13199 61793 6664 162 288 6   84216
Couples without the children listed             20649 26964 2278     49891

2015 Release
Category/Year of marriage 0-1299
1300-1399
1400-1499
1500-1599
1600-1699
1700-1780
1781-1799
1800-1820
1821-1899
1900-1999
2000-2099
0-2099
Complete Database 462 410 510 808 13292 61894 29056 47143 28186 23425 26 205212
Families, CD-ROM 462 410 510 808 13292 61894 6701 171 318 6   84572
Couples without the children listed             20778 32666 5280     58724

2016 Release
Category/Year of marriage 0-1299
1300-1399
1400-1499
1500-1599
1600-1699
1700-1780
1781-1799
1800-1820
1821-1899
1900-1999
2000-2099
0-2099
Complete Database 468 409 513 819 13340 62176 29136 47180 29357 23900 32 207330
Families, CD-ROM 468 409 513 819 13340 62176 13881 175 330 6   92117
Couples without the children listed             14278 37628 8423     60329

2017 Release
Category/Year of marriage 0-1299
1300-1399
1400-1499
1500-1599
1600-1699
1700-1780
1781-1799
1800-1820
1821-1899
1900-1999
2000-2099
0-2099
Complete Database 468 409 520 835 13358 62224 29182 47319 30782 24227 33 209357
Families, CD-ROM 468 409 520 835 13358 62224 13905 180 350 6   92255
Couples without the children listed             14302 38104 8600     61006

Planned Content

For the needs of the full database (i.e. including data not on the CD-ROM), the regions were distributed as follows:

Region Description
Current Content (complete database)
Québec The province of Quebec with her modern border, corresponding roughly to what was call Canada or New France before 1763 and having vital records.  The northern area had no record and is somewhat ignored.
Nearly all catholic marriages before 1826 and a part of the protestant marriages are already in the database.  Links are complete to 1790.  Families are complete from AA to BARFOOT.
Acadia All the former French colonies east of Quebec.  In other words, the later provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland amd the US state of Maine.
This part is nearly completed concerning the Acadia before the exile (but Île Royale and Saint-Jean are no yet completed).  Most of known marriages of exiles in France are already included.
Western French Forts
The forts built by the French outside of Quebec and Acadia.  They are usually located in the Northern New York State, in Ontario, near the Great Lakes or along the Mississippi River.
The Western Forts' marriages were all copied from books available in Montreal (like Population des Forts de l'Ouest), and some places in Missouri and Arkansas.  Détroit is complete to 1780. 
Louisiana The modern state of Louisiana.  This state is described separately because data are processed differently.
Marriages to 1775 from sources available at the SGCF library were all copied.  Some records from Natchitoches (Louisiane), Mississippi and Alabama are missing because the resources are not available.
Foreign area
Generally speaking, what is not the previously defined area.  Specifically, the English colonies of North America, the West Indies, Latin America from Mexico and southward, and other continents.
Synchronization with Fichier Origine 22 is nearly complete.  Records published in the GDO are not all included.  The works of the author made in France during travels in 1997, 1999, 2001 and 2002 are partly included, like data from archives of Fichier Origine.  The ancestry of New England captives are as complete as possible using the resources available in Montréal.

The top priority is to identify the couples living in the French colonies and to link each person to his/her parents.  The integration of foreign data (like sibling living foreign and all known ancestors) is at an early step only.  The ancestors from older generations, siblings and descendant living foreign will be added later.

At this time, the content is mostly based on marriages and couples.  Usually, birth and death records of a whole family are included because it was necessary to rebuild a family link, but families are rebuilt by group of years.

Planned Developments by priority

  • Identification of German soldiers involved in the American Revolution and settling in the province of Québec
  • Linking of Acadian families (letters A-B)
  • Rebuilding the families, including the not-married children (letters B-Z)
  • Identification of the missing colonies' couples if formed before 1786, particularly those found in other publications
  • Study of any doubtful information
  • Linking burial records of immigrants
  • Fully sourcing all the records
  • Insertion of all data about immigrant families before the immigration
  • Development of the medieval genealogies

Checking

A series of tests is run each time the database is rebuilt, including:

  • Links must be valid.  The database and its index are completely rebuilt for each new working version.  Any link's mistake is corrected.  This includes:
    • Links to parents;
    • Links to previous marriages of widower or widow;
    • Links to children;
    • Circular links (a link from a couple to itself).
  • The sequence of marriages of a child.  Once it is found someone was married many times, a link is made to the previous union and a sequence number is added.
  • Only the year is used for checks.  It is defined as the first series of 4 digit in a date field (between 1700 and 1710 will be read as 1700).  3 digit are read before the year 1000 and the years before 100 are filled with zeroes (year 25 is typed are 0025).  There is no negative year.
  • Except for special cases, there are 12 years between the marriage of a girl and that of her parents, and 16 years for a boy.  Usually, there should be no more than 80 years between the wedding of someone and the wedding of the parents.  Casual tests can be run with 60 years to find mistakes.
  • Places' codes are checked.  A place has a name and eventually a code. 
  • Some names are checked, actually the name's particle of a noble or alike name.  So, de Beauregard is coded as Beauregard (de).  If the name is displayed as the first part of a name (head of family or spouse), the particle is kept; otherwise the particle is moved to the beginning of the name.  Beauregard (de), Jean is changed to Jean de Beauregard, but only as the spouse of a child.  The family name of a child is not displayed.  The particles are: d', de, de la, de l', des and du.  The source of a name data is not removed when displaying a name.
  • The families with homonymous married children are studied and modified to obtain
    • the many marriages of a child or
    • homonymous married sibling (numbered to distinguish them, so François1, François2, etc.).
    • Single homonymous children are not examined.
  • The default order of children is the alphabetical order of first names and not the year of birth.  The order is that of birth only if the family was studied more deeply.

Genealogy of the French in North America
© Copyright 2006-2016 Denis Beauregard