Genealogy of the French in North America

Today's Départements in France

Number

Departement

Main town

Creation

01 Ain  Bourg-en-Bresse 1790
02  Aisne  Laon 1790
03 Allier  Moulins  1790
04 Alpes-de-Haute-Provence  Digne  1790 under the name of Basses-Alpes, renamed in 1970
05 Hautes-Alpes  Gap  1790
06 Alpes-Maritimes  Nice  1860
07  Ardèche  Privas  1790
08  Ardennes  Charleville-Mézières  1790
09  Ariège  Foix  1790
10  Aube  Troyes  1790
11  Aude  Carcassonne  1790
12 Aveyron Rodez  1790
13 Bouches-du-Rhône Marseille  1790 
14 Calvados Caen  1790 
15 Cantal Aurillac  1790 
16 Charente Angoulême  1790 
17 Charente-Maritime La Rochelle  1790 under the name of Charente-Inférieure, renamed in 1941 
18 Cher Bourges  1790 
19 Corrèze Tulle  1790 
2A Corse-du-Sud  Ajaccio  1790 (Corsica later formed one single département before being divided again in 1975)
2B Haute-Corse Bastia 1790 (Corsica later formed one single département before being divided again in 1975)
21 Côte-d'Or Dijon  1790 
22 Côtes d'Armor St-Brieuc  1790 under the name of Côtes-du-Nord, renamed in 1990
23 Creuse Guéret  1790 
24 Dordogne Périgueux  1790 
25 Doubs Besançon  1790 
26 Drôme Valence  1790 
27 Eure Evreux  1790 
28 Eure-et-Loir Chartres  1790 
29 Finistère Quimper  1790 
30 Gard Nîmes  1790 
31 Haute-Garonne Toulouse  1790 
32 Gers Auch  1790 
33 Gironde Bordeaux  1790 
34 Hérault Montpellier  1790 
35 Ille-et-Vilaine Rennes  1790 
36 Indre Châteauroux  1790 
37 Indre-et-Loire  Tours 1790 
38 Isère Grenoble  1790 
39 Jura Lons-le-Saunier  1790 
40 Landes Mont-de-Marsan  1790 
41 Loir-et-Cher Blois  1790 
42 Loire Montbrison (1793) then St-Étienne  1793 
43 Haute-Loire Le Puy  1790 
44 Loire-Atlantique Nantes  1790 under the name of Loire-Inférieure,
renamed in 1957
45 Loiret Orléans  1790 
46 Lot Cahors  1790 
47 Lot-et-Garonne Agen  1790 
48 Lozère Mende  1790 
49 Maine-et-Loire Angers  1791
50 Manche St-Lô  1790 
51 Marne Châlons-sur-Marne  1790 
52 Haute-Marne Chaumont 1790 
53 Mayenne Laval 1790 
54 Meurthe-et-Moselle Nancy 1871 (part of previous Meurthe, Moselle)
55 Meuse Bar-le-Duc 1790 
56 Morbihan Vannes  1790 
57 Moselle Metz  1790 
58 Nièvre Nevers  1790 
59 Nord Lille  1790 
60 Oise Beauvais 1790 
61 Orne Alençon  1790 
62 Pas-de-Calais Arras  1790 
63 Puy-de-Dôme Clermont-Ferrand  1790 
64 Pyrénées-Atlantiques Pau  1790 under the name of Basses-Pyrénées, renamed in 1969
65 Hautes-Pyrénées Tarbes  1790 
66 Pyrénées-Orientales Perpignan  1790 
67 Bas-Rhin Strasbourg  1790 
68 Haut-Rhin Colmar  1790 
69 Rhône Lyon  1793 
70 Haute-Saône Vesoul  1790 
71 Saône-et-Loire Mâcon  1790 
72 Sarthe Le Mans  1790 
73 Savoie Chambéry  1790 
74 Haute-Savoie Annecy  1790 
75 Paris Paris  1964
76 Seine-Maritime Rouen  1790 under the name of Seine-Inférieure, renamed in 1955
77 Seine-et-Marne Melun  1790 
78 Yvelines Versailles  1964
79 Deux-Sèvres Niort  1790 
80 Somme Amiens 1790 
81 Tarn Albi  1790 
82 Tarn-et-Garonne Montauban  1808
83 Var Toulon  1790 
84 Vaucluse Avignon  1793
85 Vendée La Roche-sur-Yon  1790 
86 Vienne Poitiers  1790 
87 Haute-Vienne Limoges  1790 
88 Vosges Épinal  1790 
89 Yonne Auxerre  1790 
90 Terr. de Belfort Belfort  1871 (the part of Haut-Rhin not annexed by Germany)
91 Essonne Evry  1964
92 Hauts-de-Seine Nanterre  1964
93 Seine-St-Denis Bobigny  1964
94 Val-de-Marne Créteil  1964
95 Val-D'Oise Pontoise  1964
971
Guadeloupe Basse-Terre 1946, now a DROM
972
Martinique Fort-de-France 1946, now a DROM
973
Guyane Cayenne 1946, now a DROM
974
Réunion, formerly île Bourbon
St-Denis
1946, now a DROM
975
Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon Saint-Pierre
1976, now a COM
984
Africa and austral lands (TOM)

1955
985 (was 98 4 02)
Mayotte
Mamoudzou 1976, now a COM
986
Wallis and Futuna Mata-Utu 1961
987
Polynésie française Papeete formerly a TOM, then a POM in 2003
988 (was 98 6 07) Nouvelle-Calédonie Nouméa

Notes: A DOM was an overseas département while a TOM was an overseas territory.  After the 1985 reform, the entities were renamed.  A DROM is both an overseas département and region.  A COM is an overseas communauty.  A POM is an overseas country inside the French Republic.  The term of colony is considered as pejorative.

Départements that disappeared or were renamed

The countries in the table below are those of today.  At the time of change, the map of Europe was very different and many countries were then a series of smaller independent countries.. The recent change were made in two steps: a vote and the actual change of the border or of the name.

Département

Main town

Creation

Origin

Disappearance

Destiny

Apennins Chiavari 1805 part of Italy (and more?) 1814 part of Italy (and more?)
Arno Florence 1808 part of Italy (and more?) 1814 part of Italy (and more?)
Basses-Alpes  Digne 1790 First name 13-04-1970 (1990 selon Karolus) Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (04)
Basses-Pyrénées  Pau  1790 First name 10-10-1969 Pyrénées-Atlantiques (64)
Bouches-de-la-Meuse La Haye 1811 part of Netherland (and more?) 1814 part of Netherland (and more?)
Bouches-de-l'Elbe Hambourg 1811 part of Germany (and more?) 1814 part of Germany (and more?)
Bouches-de-l'Escaut Middelbourg 1811 part of Netherland (and more?) 1814 part of Netherland (and more?)
Bouches-de-l'Yssel Zwolle 1811 part of Netherland (and more?) 1814 part of Netherland (and more?)
Bouches-du-Rhin Bois-le-Duc 1811 part of Netherland (and more?) 1814 part of Netherland (and more?)
Bouches-du-Weser Brême 1811 part of Germany (and more?) 1814 part of Germany (and more?)
Charente-Inférieure  La Rochelle  1790 First name 04-09-1941 Charente-Maritime (17)
Corse Ajaccio  1811 Golo and Liamone   Haute-Corse and Corse-du-Sud 
Côtes-du-Nord  St-Brieuc 1790 First name 27-02-1990 Côtes d'Armor (22)

 

Deux-Nèthes Anvers 1795  part of Belgium (and more?) 1814 part of Belgium (and more?)
Doire Ivrea 1802 part of Italy (and more?) 1814 part of Italy (and more?)
Dyle Bruxelles 1795  part of Belgium (and more?) 1814 part of Belgium (and more?)
Ems-Occidental Groningue 1811 part of Netherland (and more?) 1814 part of Netherland (and more?)
Ems-Oriental Aurich 1811 part of Germany (and more?) 1814 part of Germany (and more?)
Ems-Supérieur Osnabrück 1811 part of Germany (and more?) 1814 part of Germany (and more?)
Escaut Gand 1795  part of Belgium (and more?) 1814 part of Belgium (and more?)
Forêts Luxembourg 1795  part of  Luxemburg (and more?) 1814 part of  Luxemburg (and more?)
Frise Leuwarden 1811 part of Netherland (and more?) 1814 part of Netherland (and more?)
Gênes Gênes 1805 part of Italy (and more?) 1814 part of Italy (and more?)
Golo Bastia 1793  Dép. of Corse (1792) 1811 Corse (20)
Jemmapes Mons 1795  part of Belgium (and more?) 1814 part of Belgium (and more?)
Léman Genève 1798 part of Switzerland (and more?) 1814 part of Switzerland (and more?)
Liamone Ajaccio 1793  Dép. of Corse (1792) 1811 Corse (20)
Lippe Munster 1811 part of Germany (and more?) 1814 part of Germany (and more?)
Loire-Inférieure  Nantes  1790 First name 09-03-1957 Loire-Atlantique (44)
Lys Bruges 1795  part of Belgium (and more?) 1814 part of Belgium (and more?)
Marengo Alexandrie 1802 part of Italy (and more?) 1814 part of Italy (and more?)
Mayenne-et-Loire  Angers 1790 First name 12-02-1791 Maine-et-Loire (49)
Méditerranée Livourne 1808 part of Italy (and more?) 1814 part of Italy (and more?)
Meurthe   1790 part of Germany (and more?) 1814 part of Germany and Meurthe-et-Moselle (1871)
Meuse-Inférieure Maestricht 1795  part of Netherland (and more?) 1814 part of Netherland (and more?)
Mont-Blanc Chambéry  1793  Savoie 1814 part of Italy or independent; later dép. of Savoie (73) and part of Haute-Savoie (74)
Montenotte Savone 1805 part of Italy (and more?) 1814 part of Italy (and more?)
Mont-Terrible Porrentruy 1793 country of  Montbeliard a part the Swiss canton of Jura 1800 part of Haut-Rhin and Doubs
Mont-Tonnerre Mayence 1798 part of Germany (and more?) 1814 part of Germany (and more?)
Ombrone Sienne 1808 part of Italy (and more?) 1814 part of Italy (and more?)
Ourthe Liège 1795  part of Belgium (and more?) 1814 part of Belgium (and more?)
Turin 1802 part of Italy (and more?) 1814 part of Italy (and more?)
Rhin-et-Moselle Coblence 1798 part of Germany (and more?) 1814 part of Germany (and more?)
Rhône-et-Loire Lyon 1790 First name 1793 Rhône (69), Loire (42)
Roër Aix-la-Chapelle 1798 part of Germany (and more?) 1814 part of Germany (and more?)
Sambre-et-Meuse Namur 1795  part of Belgium (and more?) 1814 part of Belgium (and more?)
Sarre Trèves 1798 part of Germany (and more?) 1814 part of Germany (and more?)
Seine Paris 1790 First name
voted 1964, actual changed in 1968 75, 78, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95
Seine-et-Oise Versailles 1790 First name voted 1964, actual changed in 1968 75, 78, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95
Seine-Inférieure  Rouen  1790 First name 18-01-1955 Seine-Maritime (76)
Sésia Verceil 1802 part of Italy (and more?) 1814 part of Italy (and more?)
Simplon Sion 1810 part of Switzerland (and more?) 1814 part of Switzerland (and more?)
Stura Cuneo 1802 part of Italy (and more?) 1814 part of Italy (and more?)
Taro Parme 1808 part of Italy (and more?) 1814 part of Italy (and more?)
Tibre Rome 1810 part of Italy (and more?) 1814 part of Italy (and more?)
Trasimène Spoleto 1810 part of Italy (and more?) 1814 part of Italy (and more?)
Yssel-Supérieur Arnhem 1811 part of Netherland (and more?) 1814 part of Netherland (and more?)
Zuyderzee Amsterdam 1811 part of Netherland (and more?) 1814 part of Netherland (and more?)

Map of modern France with numbers of départements
France
Source : IGN

Genealogy of the French in North America
© Copyright 2006 Denis Beauregard