FrancoGene: Genealogy of Illinois

Origin of the State's name

Illinois was named by the Native tribe of the same name.  Name would mean "men" in the tribe language.

History at a glance

The inside area of the North-American continent was firstly inhabited by Natives (called Amerindians or Indians) for 10 to 40,000 years.

French, who settled the St.Lawrence Valley (Quebec City, 1608, then Montreal, 1642), explored the continent looking for furs. In 1634, Jean Nicolet reached Michigan Lake (Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin). In 1657-58, Medard Chouart dit Desgroseillers and Pierre-Esprit Radisson explored the Superior Lake and the North of Mississippi River (Illinois). In 1669-70, Robert Cavelier de La Salle explored Ohio and Illinois. Earlier French posts are from that time, usually Fur Trade posts.

In 1763, after loosing the Seven Year war, the Northern area East of Mississippi to the Great Lake was a part of Canada becoming at that time a British colony and included in what was then called the Province of the Quebec Government.  Many French crossed the Mississippi at that time to remain in a French country; however, Missouri became actually a Spanish territory at that time.  In 1783, the area formed the American North-West Territory.  Settlement is then similar to other places of the West.

Illinois became an American State in 1818.

Some French pioneers

Index of marriages of the French era:
[A-B] [C] [D-F] [G-K] [L] [M-Q] [R-S] [T-W]

Number of Franco-Americans in the State

1931
All
190,000
 
French Canadians
Total
Born in Canada
Parents born in Canada
1930
24,250
6,189
18,061
1920
15,512
4,032
11,480
1910
24,484
7,440
17,044
1900
27,109
9,102
18,007
1890
13,795
5,944
7,851

List of old French forts with records

Register: type and year of registers.  Register: type (bms for b/baptisms, m/marriages and s/burials) and years with records.  "rec" is a census.
 
Fort Today US state/
Province
Registers Publication
Cahokia (Ste-Famille) Cahokia, Co. St.Clair Illinois rec:1735,1752,1787 
m:1735-1839 
s:1784-1794 
PFF 1
Kaskaskia (Notre-Dame de la Conception) Kaskaskia, Co. Randolph Illinois rec:1726, 1752, 1787 
bms:1695-1834 
ANF:G1-412 
NAC:F-597 
NAC:C-2899 
PFF 2
Prairie du Rocher (St-Joseph) Prairie du Rocher, Co. Randolph Illinois bms:1761-1799 NAC:C-2899 
PFF 2
Fort de Chartres (Ste-Anne) Fort Cavendish, Co. ??? Illinois bms:1720-1765 ANF:G1-412 
NAC:C-2899 
NAC:F-597 
PFF 2
The village of Chartres in Colonial Illinois 
St-Louis des Illinois ??? ??? bms:1776-1800  
Poste St-Philippe des Illinois (La Visitation) ? Missouri ? rec:1752 
bms:1761-1765 
NAC:C-2899 
PFF 2

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